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Firecrackerbush

Bouvardia ternifolia (Cav.) Schltdl.

Comprehensive Description

provided by North American Flora
Bouvardia ternifolia (Cav.) Schlecht. Unnaea 26: 98
1854.
Ixora ternifolia Cav. Ic. 4: 3. 1797.
Ixora americana Jacq. Hort. Schoenb. 3: 4. 1798.
Honstonia coccinea Andr. Bot. Repos. pi. 106. 1800.
Bouvardia triphvlla Salisb. Parad. Lond. pi. 88. 1808.
Bouvardia linearis H. B. K. Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 383. 1819.
Bouvardia angustifolia H. B. K. Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 384. 1819.
Bouvardia hirtella H. B. K. Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 384. 1819.
Bouvardia Jacquini H. B. K. Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 385. 1820.
Bouvardia coccinea Link, Enum. 1: 139. 1821.
Bouvardia quaternifolia DC. Prodr. 4: 365. 1830.
Carphalea? pubifolia Moc. & Sesse; DC. Prodr. 4: 365, as synonym. 1830.
Hedyotis mexicana Moc. & Sesse; DC. Prodr. 4: 365, as synonym. 1830
Bouvardia Jacquini exogyna DC. Prodr. 4: 365. 1830.
Bouvardia Jacquini ovata DC. Prodr. 4: 365. 1830.
Bouvardia sUendens Graham, Bot. Mag. pi. 3781. 1840.
Bouvardia tolucana H. & A. Bot. Beech. Voy. 427. 1840.
Aeginelia hyssopifolia Willd.; Schlecht. Linnaea 26: 60, as synonym. 1854.
Bouvardia tenuiflora Schlecht. Linnaea 26: 97. 1854.
Bouvardia microphylla Schlecht. Linnaea 26: 112. 1854.
Bouvardia viperalis Schlecht. Linnaea 26: 114. 1854.
Bouvardia Houtteana Schlecht.; Planch. Fl. Serres 10: 149. 1855.
Bouvardia triphylla angustifolia A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Am. I 2 : 24. 1884.
Hedyotis fruticosa Sesse & Moc. Fl. Mex. 22. 1893.
Bouvardia ternifolia angustifolia B. L. Robinson, Proc. Am. Acad. 45: 405. 1910.
Erect shrub, often much branched, or the stems sometimes herbaceous except at the base
and simple, stout, terete or subangulate, hirtellous or puberulent when young, the internodes
short or elongate; stipule-sheath short, long-cuspidate or pluriaristate ; leaves 3-4-verticillate,
or partly opposite, the uppermost often sessile, the lowest on stout petioles 2-3 mm. long, the
blades ovate, lanceolate, lance-elliptic, linear-lanceolate, or almost linear, 1.5-6.5 cm. long,
0.2-2 cm. wide, acute or obtuse at the base, often abruptly decurrent, acute to long-attenuate
at the apex, usually thin, green above, scabrous or scaberulous, sometimes glabrate, green or
slightly paler beneath, hirtellous or scabrous or sometimes glabrate in age, the lateral veins
few (2-4), conspicuous or often obsolete, the margin plane or revolute; inflorescence terminal,
cymose or cymose-corymbose, often subcapitate, usually few-flowered, the pedicels 1-5 mm.
long; hypanthium scabrous or puberulent; calyx-lobes triangular-lanceolate or subulate, 2-4
mm. long; corolla red, puberulent to short-villous outside with coarse thick hairs, the tube
1.5-3.2 cm. long, 2-3 mm. thick above, tapering from top to base, with a short, densely white-
villous ring within near the base, the lobes ovate-oval or ovate-oblong, 2-3 mm. long, obtuse or acutish, minutely papillose-puberulent within, erect or ascending; anthers subsessile, included,
2.5-3 mm. long; style included or exserted; capsule subglobose, 5-7 mm. broad, bisulcate, one
fourth to one third superior, rounded or subretuse at the apex; seeds dark-brown, about 3
mm. broad, broadly winged.
Type locality: Mexico.
Distribution: Dry soil, western Texas to Sonora, Oaxaca, and Veracruz.
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bibliographic citation
Paul Carpenter Standley. 1921. RUBIALES; RUBIACEAE (pars). North American flora. vol 32(2). New York Botanical Garden, New York, NY
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Comprehensive Description

provided by North American Flora
Bouvardia scabrida Mart. & Gal. Bull. Acad. Brux II 1 : 237. 1844. Bouvardia hypoleuca Benth. PI. Hartw. 288. 1848.
Shrub, 1-6 dm. high, or sometimes herbaceous almost throughout, densely white-hirtellous when young, the internodes short or elongate; stipule-sheath short, long-cuspidate or pluriaristate; leaves 3-4-verticillate, usually erect or ascending, sessile or on stout petioles 3 mm. long or shorter, the blades lanceolate to linear, 1.2-6.5 cm. long, 1-6.5 mm. wide, acute at the base, acute to long-attenuate at the apex, thick, often rigid, bright-green above, very scabrous, densely villous-tomentose beneath with coarse whitish hairs, the lateral veins mostly obsolete, the margin usually strongly revolute; inflorescence terminal, cymose or cymosecorymbose, usually few-flowered, often subcapitate, the pedicels stout, 3 mm. long or shorter; hypanthium hirsutulous or very scabrous, 1.5-2 mm. long; calyx-lobes linear or linear-subulate, 1.5-5 mm. long; corolla red, puberulent or villosulous outside with short coarse thick hairs, the tube 14-20 mm. long, 2.5-3 mm. thick above, tapering from top to base, with a densely villous ring within near the base, the lobes ovate-oval, 2-2.5 mm. long, very obtuse to acutish, minutely papillose-puberulent within; anthers nearly sessile, included, 2-2.5 mm. long; style included; capsule subglobose, 5-7 mm. broad, bisulcate; seeds dark-brown, broadly winged.
Type locality: Rocky slopes of the ravine of Yavezia, eastern cordillera of Oaxaca, altitude 1800 to 2100 meters.
Distribution: Dry rocky hillsides, San Luis Potosi to Veracruz and Oaxaca.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
bibliographic citation
Paul Carpenter Standley. 1921. RUBIALES; RUBIACEAE (pars). North American flora. vol 32(2). New York Botanical Garden, New York, NY
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North American Flora

Comprehensive Description

provided by North American Flora
Bouvardia glaberrima Engelm. in Wisliz. Tour Northern
Mex. 106. 1848.
Bouvardia ovata A. Grav, PI. Wright. 2: 67. 1853.
Bouvardia triphylla A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Am. I 2 : 23, in part. 1884. Not B. triphylla Salisb. 1807.
Erect shrub or sometimes herbaceous almost to the base, often much branched, the
branches slender or stout, terete or subangulate, hirtellous or glabrate, the internodes short or
elongate; stipule-sheath short, long-cuspidate or pluriaristate; leaves mostly ternate, the
petioles slender or stout, 2-8 mm. long, the blades ovate, broadly ovate, ovate-oblong, or
lanceolate, 2.5-10 cm. long, 0.7-2.5 cm. wide, acute or obtuse at the base, often abruptly short-
decurrent, acute to attenuate at the apex, usually thin, brightor pale-green, subconcolorous,
scaberulous above or glabrate, beneath sparsely scaberulous or often glabrous, the lateral
veins evident, 4-6 on each side, the margin usually plane; inflorescence terminal, cymose or
cymose-corymbose, often subcapitate, usually few-flowered, the pedicels slender and often
5-14 mm. long; hypanthium glabrous, scabrous, or hirsutulous, 1.5-2 mm. long; calyx-lobes
triangular-lanceolate or linear, 2.5-9 mm. long; corolla red, puberulent or villosulous outside
with short coarse hairs, the tube 2-3.2 cm. long, 2-3.5 mm. thick above, tapering from the
top to base, glabrous within or sparsely villous, the hairs scattered, the lobes ovate-oval,
2-3 mm. long, obtuse or acutish, erect or ascending; anthers usually subsessile and included,
2.5-3 mm. long; style included or exserted; capsule subglobose, 5-7 mm. broad, bisulcate,
usually almost wholly inferior; seeds dark-brown, 2-3 mm. long, broadly winged.
TvrE locality: Cosihuiriachic, Chihuahua.
Distribution: Southwestern New Mexico and southeastern Arizona, southward along the mountains of Chihuahua, to Durango.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
bibliographic citation
Paul Carpenter Standley. 1921. RUBIALES; RUBIACEAE (pars). North American flora. vol 32(2). New York Botanical Garden, New York, NY
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North American Flora

Bouvardia ternifolia

provided by wikipedia EN

Bouvardia ternifolia, the firecracker bush, is a shrub widespread across much of Mexico, the range extending south into Honduras and north into the southwestern United States (Arizona, New Mexico and Texas).[1][2][3][4]

Bouvardia ternifolia is a shrub up to 120 cm (4 feet) tall. It has dark green, narrowly egg-shaped leaves. Flowers are speculacular: long, tubular, bright scarlet, up to 10 cm (2 inches) long, in clusters at the ends of the branches. Hummingbirds frequently imbibe the nectar from the blooms.[5][6][7][8][9][10]

Bouvardia ternifolia is widely cultivated as an ornamental because of its showy flowers.[11][12][13]

Bouvardia ternifolia.jpg
Bouvardia ternifolia 2.jpg

References

  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Bouvardia ternifolia
  2. ^ Biota of North America Program
  3. ^ CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, México D.F..
  4. ^ Hooker, William Jackson & Arnott, George Arnott Walker. 1840. Botany of Captain Beechey's Voyage 427, Bouvardia tolucana
  5. ^ Cavanilles, Antonio José. 1797. Icones et Descriptiones Plantarum 4: 3, pl. 305, Ixora ternifolia
  6. ^ Schlechtendal, Diederich Franz Leonhard von. 1854. Linnaea 26: 98. Bouvardia ternifolia
  7. ^ Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, University of Texas, Native Plant Database, Bouvardia ternifolia
  8. ^ Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas i–xv, 1–1881. The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.
  9. ^ Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2012. Rubiaceae a Verbenaceae. 4(2): i–xvi, 1–533. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  10. ^ Schlechtendal, Diederich Franz Leonhard von
  11. ^ Bailey, L.H. & E.Z. Bailey. 1976. Hortus Third i–xiv, 1–1290. MacMillan, New York.
  12. ^ color illustration of Bouvardia houtteana (syn of Bouvardia ternifolia), published 1855
  13. ^ Schlechtendal, Diederich Franz Leonhard von, in Planchon, Jules Émile. 1855. Flore des Serres et des Jardins de l'Europe 10: 149, t. 55.

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Bouvardia ternifolia: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Bouvardia ternifolia, the firecracker bush, is a shrub widespread across much of Mexico, the range extending south into Honduras and north into the southwestern United States (Arizona, New Mexico and Texas).

Bouvardia ternifolia is a shrub up to 120 cm (4 feet) tall. It has dark green, narrowly egg-shaped leaves. Flowers are speculacular: long, tubular, bright scarlet, up to 10 cm (2 inches) long, in clusters at the ends of the branches. Hummingbirds frequently imbibe the nectar from the blooms.

Bouvardia ternifolia is widely cultivated as an ornamental because of its showy flowers.

Bouvardia ternifolia.jpg Bouvardia ternifolia 2.jpg
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