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Cambridgea foliata

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Cambridgea foliata (common name, New Zealand sheet-web spider) is a species of Desidae spider endemic to New Zealand.[1] These nocturnal, arboreal spiders are distributed throughout the North Island of New Zealand and build large horizontal sheet-webs with a large number of knock-down threads.[2][1]

Description

C. foliata have a reddish-brown cephalothorax and greyish yellow abdomen. While males and females of this species are of a similar size with a cephalothorax width of approximately 5.8mm, males have significantly longer chelicerae compared to females.[3] While males of other Cambridgea species possess a stridulatory organ on the dorsal surface of the pedicel and abdomen,[4] it is absent in male C. foliata[5].

Contest behaviour

In the summer season, mature males depart their natal webs in search of females, sometimes wandering into people's houses'.[6] When they find a female's web, they will use their first pair of legs and chelicerae to defend the web and female from any other males which may intrude, with the largest males tending to be most successful at defending webs.[3]

References

  1. ^ a b Forster, R.R.; Wilton, C.L. 1973. The spiders of New Zealand. Part 4, Agelenidae, Stiphidiidae, Amphinectidae, Amaurobiidae, Neolanidae, Ctenidae, Psechridae. Otago Museum Bulletin, 4.
  2. ^ Paquin, Pierre; Vink, C.J.; Dupérré, N. (2010). Spiders of New Zealand : annotated family key & species list. Lincoln, N.Z.: Manaaki Whenua Press. ISBN 9780478347050. OCLC 608025036.
  3. ^ a b Walker, Leilani A.; Holwell, Gregory I. (2018). "The role of exaggerated male chelicerae in male–male contests in New Zealand sheet-web spiders". Animal Behaviour. 139: 29–36. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2018.02.020. ISSN 0003-3472. S2CID 49587111.
  4. ^ Jocqué, Rudy (2005-08-01). "Six stridulating organs on one spider (araneae, zodariidae): is this the limit?". Journal of Arachnology. 33 (2): 597–603. doi:10.1636/04-107.1. ISSN 0161-8202. S2CID 56283033.
  5. ^ Forster, R.R.; Wilton, C.L. 1973. The spiders of New Zealand. Part 4, Agelenidae, Stiphidiidae, Amphinectidae, Amaurobiidae, Neolanidae, Ctenidae, Psechridae. Otago Museum Bulletin, 4: p. 148.
  6. ^ Crowe, Andrew (2007). Which New Zealand spider? : including their eight-legged cousins: the harvestmen, false scorpions, mites, ticks and sea spiders. North Shore, N.Z.: Penguin. ISBN 9780143006435. OCLC 166343598.
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Cambridgea foliata: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Cambridgea foliata (common name, New Zealand sheet-web spider) is a species of Desidae spider endemic to New Zealand. These nocturnal, arboreal spiders are distributed throughout the North Island of New Zealand and build large horizontal sheet-webs with a large number of knock-down threads.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
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wikipedia EN