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Black mastiff bat

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The black mastiff bat (Molossus rufus) is a bat species. It ranges from the northern region of South America (excluding Chile), most of Central America (excluding Belize) and parts of southern Mexico.

Taxonomy

The black mastiff bat was described as a new species in 1805 by French naturalist Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire.[2] The holotype had been collected in Cayenne, French Guiana.[3]

Description

Males have a forearm length ranging from 48.5–54.0 mm (1.91–2.13 in) and females' forearm lengths are 47–53 mm (1.9–2.1 in). The fur of its back is usually shorter than 3.5 mm (0.14 in).[4] Individuals weight 27–31 g (0.95–1.09 oz). It has a dental formula of 1.1.1.31.1.2.3 for a total of 26 teeth.[5]

Range and habitat

The black mastiff bat is a widespread species, occurring throughout much of Central and South America. Its range includes the following countries: Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, and Uruguay. Its habitat includes forests and shrublands, with human structures used as roosts.[1]

Conservation

As of 2015, it is evaluated as a least-concern species by the IUCN. It meets the criteria for this classification because it has a wide geographic range; its population is presumably large; and it is unlikely to be experiencing rapid population decline.[1] The species is known to be impacted by the parasite Hesperoctenes fumarius.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b c Barquez, R.; Rodriguez, B.; Miller, B.; Diaz, M. (2015). "Molossus rufus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2015: e.T13644A22107969. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T13644A22107969.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  2. ^ Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, É. "Sur quelques chauve-souris d' Amérique formant une petite famille sous le nom de molossus" [On some American bats forming a small family under the name of molossus]. Annales du Muséum d'histoire naturelle (in French). 6: 155.
  3. ^ Miller, G. S. (1913). "Notes on the bats of the genus Molossus". Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum. 46 (2013): 88. doi:10.5479/si.00963801.46-2013.85. hdl:2027/hvd.32044107356982.
  4. ^ Gardner, A. L. (2008). Mammals of South America, Volume 1: Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats. Vol. 1. University of Chicago Press. p. 419-426. ISBN 978-0226282428.
  5. ^ Santos G., Mery; Castro-Arellano, Ivan (2014). Ceballos, G. (ed.). Mammals of Mexico. Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 770–771. ISBN 978-1421408798.
  6. ^ Esbérard, Carlos E. L.; Jesus, Andrea C.; Motta, Adarene G.; Bergallo, Helena G.; Gettinger, Donald (April 2005). "Hesperoctenes fumarius (Hemiptera: Polyctenidae) Infesting Molossus rufus (Chiroptera: Molossidae) in Southeastern Brazil". Journal of Parasitology. 91 (2): 465–467. doi:10.1645/GE-365R. ISSN 0022-3395. PMID 15986628. S2CID 28877685.
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Black mastiff bat: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

The black mastiff bat (Molossus rufus) is a bat species. It ranges from the northern region of South America (excluding Chile), most of Central America (excluding Belize) and parts of southern Mexico.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
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