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Moina

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Moina is a genus of crustaceans within the family Moinidae.[3] The genus was first described by W. Baird in 1850. They are referred to as water fleas, but are related to the much larger Daphnia magna and the larger Daphnia pulex.[4] This genus demonstrates the ability to survive in waters containing low oxygen levels, high salinity, and other impurities, including salt pans, and commonly eutrophication.[5] An example of such an extreme habitat is the highly saline Makgadikgadi Pans of Botswana, which supports prolific numbers of Moina belli.[6]

The Moina are known to be found in various types of bodies of water in Eurasia where new found research indicates that there is an increased presence of biodiversity in regions of Northern Eurasia, Japan and China.[7] There is an increase of new phylogroups found in Northern Eurasia, an increase of 4 new Moina species in Japan and an increase of five new lineages in China.[8][9]

Species

Moina contains these species:[10][1]

References

  1. ^ a b "Moina". Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
  2. ^ "Moina". Australian Faunal Directory. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. October 8, 2009.
  3. ^ Geological and Natural History Survey of Minnesota (1884). Annual Report: Geological and Natural History Survey of Minnesota.
  4. ^ BOLD Systems: Moina {genus} - Arthropoda; Branchiopoda; Diplostraca; Moinidae;
  5. ^ Vignatti, Alicia María; Cabrera, Gabriela Cecilia; Echaniz, Santiago Andrés (2013). "Distribution and biological aspects of the introduced speciesMoina macrocopa (Straus, 1820) (Crustacea, Cladocera) in the semi-arid central region of Argentina". Biota Neotropica. 13 (3): 86–92. doi:10.1590/S1676-06032013000300011. ISSN 1676-0611.
  6. ^ C. Michael Hogan (2008). "Makgadikgadi". The Megalithic Portal.
  7. ^ Makino, Wataru; Machida, Ryuji J.; Okitsu, Jiro; Usio, Nisikawa (2020-02-01). "Underestimated species diversity and hidden habitat preference in Moina (Crustacea, Cladocera) revealed by integrative taxonomy". Hydrobiologia. 847 (3): 857–878. doi:10.1007/s10750-019-04147-3. ISSN 1573-5117. S2CID 209332097.
  8. ^ Bekker, Eugeniya I.; Karabanov, Dmitry P.; Galimov, Yan R.; Kotov, Alexey A. (2016-08-24). "DNA Barcoding Reveals High Cryptic Diversity in the North Eurasian Moina Species (Crustacea: Cladocera)". PLOS ONE. 11 (8): e0161737. Bibcode:2016PLoSO..1161737B. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0161737. ISSN 1932-6203. PMC 4996527. PMID 27556403.
  9. ^ Ni, Yijun; Ma, Xiaolin; Hu, Wei; Blair, David; Yin, Mingbo (2019-05-01). "New lineages and old species: Lineage diversity and regional distribution of Moina (Crustacea: Cladocera) in China". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 134: 87–98. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2019.02.007. ISSN 1055-7903. PMID 30753887. S2CID 73443721.
  10. ^ "Moinidae". WoRMS, World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2021-11-24.
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Moina: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Moina is a genus of crustaceans within the family Moinidae. The genus was first described by W. Baird in 1850. They are referred to as water fleas, but are related to the much larger Daphnia magna and the larger Daphnia pulex. This genus demonstrates the ability to survive in waters containing low oxygen levels, high salinity, and other impurities, including salt pans, and commonly eutrophication. An example of such an extreme habitat is the highly saline Makgadikgadi Pans of Botswana, which supports prolific numbers of Moina belli.

The Moina are known to be found in various types of bodies of water in Eurasia where new found research indicates that there is an increased presence of biodiversity in regions of Northern Eurasia, Japan and China. There is an increase of new phylogroups found in Northern Eurasia, an increase of 4 new Moina species in Japan and an increase of five new lineages in China.

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Classification

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Often included in a separate family, Moinidae
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