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Palaemon macrodactylus

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Palaemon macrodactylus is a species of shrimp of the family Palaemonidae.[1]

Invasive profile and global distribution

Palaemon macrodactylus is native to Japan, Korea, and Northern China.[2] It is, additionally, native to the Far East region of Russia,[3] or the Northwest area of the Pacific Ocean.[4] In 1957, the first non-native P. macrodactylus was accidentally introduced to San Francisco Bay, USA. Nowadays, it is officially considered as an invasive species in California, USA, and very abundant.[5] In Northern America, P. macrodactylus can also be found in the US states of Washington,[6] Oregon,[7] Virginia,[8] Connecticut,[9] and New York.[10] In the early 2000s, P. macrodactylus made its first appearance in Australia and Argentina.[8] It is thought that its introduction was accidental via discharge of ballast water from the US to Mar De Plata harbor in Argentina. This was first reported in the southwestern Atlantic coast.[11] Along the Atlantic coasts of Europe, it can be found at different localities such as Southwestern Spain.[12] or Southeastern England,[13] as well as France,[14] Belgium,[15] and the Netherlands.[16] It is invasive because it successfully colonized the northeastern pacific coast and estuaries.

Mode of introduction and dispersal

Palaemon macrodactylus naturally tolerates moderate salinity levels, inhabiting brackish water.[8] This tolerance allows P. macrodactylus to inhabit a wide variety of habitats across the world. One of the factors most influential in the success of P. macrodactylus introduction process is temperature. Environmental temperature directly influences the reproducing rate of female individuals, as well as the timing and duration of breeding season (optimal between 15 and 27 degrees Celsius).[17]

The most common mode of introduction for P. macrodactylus is shipping,[8] mostly via the discharge of ballast water. In particular, local shipping to suitable regions that have not been inhabited with any of the species community effectively introduces P. macrodactylus to new habitats marked by preferential temperature regimes. Infra-regional shipping securely expands the oriental shrimps’ territories. Nevertheless, it is actually a threatened species listed in the China Red Data Book, despite having a broad native range with high reproductive potential. P. macrodactylus could also be spread naturally through larval dispersal, although it is less likely to occur in nature statistically.

Male and female characteristics

Male individuals are typically 9.7 to 13.5 mm in length.[18] Ovigerous females, meaning that they bear eggs, are approximately 16.5 to 19 mm in length.[18] These females carry approximately 150-2000 eggs.[19] Females that do not bear eggs are typically 11.8 to 14.1 mm in length.[18] Females tend to be larger than males and are pigmented with red spots on the body surface with white longitudinal stripes going down the back.[19] The body of males are transparent with a reddish hue on the tail fan and atennary area.[18] Due to the similarities in morphology, it is not simple to distinguish between the local species and the alien, meaning introduced species.[18] Embryos are able to develop in vitro in conditions similar to adults, but the full development of these embryos are more successful in high salinity conditions.[20]

Habitat and environment

Palaemon macrodactylus has a broad water tolerance range, which allows it to occupy a variety of aquatic environments around the world, including brackish and marine coastal waters.[21] Its optimal salinity range is between 5 and 15 part per thousand (ppt), which is considered moderately saline water.[21] P. macrodactylus primarily utilizes the low salinity regions of estuaries.[22] They also favor pilings, walls, debris, and other forms of shelter as habitats and are often most abundant in lower-salinity waters.[23]

Natural behavior

Palaemon macrodactylus typically eats plants, mysids such as Neomysis mercedis, amphipods, and crabs.[24] Particularly, its primary natural food sources are recorded to be Corophium (so called “mud shrimp”) or Rhithropanopeus (so called “Harris mud crab”).[25] They prefer rubble, man-made structures, and vegetation as foraging habitats.[24] P. macrodactylus is considered as osmoregulators and just like their related resident species.[26] The similarities among these species often puts them in direct competition for dietary resources. What's more, when densities of these competing species reach a critical limit, cannibalism has been reported.[26]

Reproduction

The mode of reproduction is called dioecism which means that an individual shrimp can have male reproductive system or a female reproductive system.[27] In shrimps, a courting ritual is common and mating consists of indirect sperm transfer which is through olfactory and tactile cues.[27] For the regulator shrimp, the general mating process happens when a male shrimp is at a ninety degree angle from a female shrimp.[28] The male shrimp then transfers its spermatophore onto an area on the female's abdomen.[28] From 6–20 hours, the females begin to produce eggs. For P. macrodactylus, their mating season is from mid April to early October.[29]

Environmental and ecological impacts

Palaemon macrodactylus preys on smaller shrimps such as Corophium or Rhithropanopeus.[8] According to a study by Richard Sitts and Allen Knight published in 1979, P. macrodactylus is mainly carnivorous because animal fragments are commonly found to be excessive compared to plant materials in their foreguts.[30] However, many argue that Palaemon macrodactylus is instead omnivorous and plants are also included in their source of nutrition.

Palaemon macrodactylus is competitive against Crangon franciscorum and Palaemon longirostris. According to a study in Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta, California, P. macrodactylus and C. franciscorum both prey on Neomysis mercedis, an opossum shrimp. However, due to the difference in body size between the two species (P. macrodactylus is generally smaller than C. franciscorum), P. macrodactylus consumes smaller individuals, resulting in resource partitioning. Thus, no serious damaging effects have been detected since P. macrodactylus exploited niches that are overlooked by the two other species. Since there is an abundance of this shrimp in Japan, people catch these shrimps and sell them as food.[8]

Management and control

Even though Palaemon macrodactylus has been classified as a highly invasive species in many regions worldwide, there is no published attempt to control the widespread and invasiveness of any population of the organism at the moment. In fact, no specific surveillance program tailored for monitoring the spread of Palaemon macrodactylus is available.[8]

References

  1. ^ De Grave, Sammy (9 September 2010). "Palaemon macrodactylus Rathbun, 1902". WoRMS. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  2. ^ X., Li; R., Liu; Liang, XQ.; GX, 2007. Fauna Sinica. Invertebrata., Chen. "Crustacea Decapoda Palaemonoidea". 44. Beijing, China: Science Press: 381. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ Kobjakova, ZI. (1967). "Decapoda (Crustacea, Decapoda) from the Possjet Bay (the Sea of Japan). Biocoenoses of the Possjet Bay of the Seas of Japan (Hydrobiological Investigations by Means of Aqualungs). In: Exploration of the Fauna of the Seas 5 (= old series, 13 Leningrad, Russia": 230–247. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ Rathbun, MJ (1902). "Japanese stalk-eyed Crustaceans. [Proceedings of the United States National Museum]": 26 23–55. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  5. ^ Newman, WA (1963). "On the introduction of an edible oriental shrimp (Caridea, Palaemonidae) to San Francisco Bay". Crustaceana. Brill. 5 (2): 119–132. doi:10.1163/156854063X00390.
  6. ^ Jensen, GC (1995). "Pacific Coast Crabs and Shrimps". Monterey, California, USA: Sea Challengers: 87. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  7. ^ E., González-Ortegón; JA,., Cuesta; P., Drake (2005). "La introducción del camarón oriental en el estuario del Guadalquivir. Quercus" (234): 20–24. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  8. ^ a b c d e f g "CABI. "Palaemon Macrodactylus." CABI- Invasive Species Compendium". {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  9. ^ Wojtas, J. (16 June 2010). "Mystic River research turns up big surprise. In". New London, CT, USA: The Day Publishing Company: The Day. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)CS1 maint: date and year (link)
  10. ^ BE, Warkentine; JW., Rachlin (2010). "The First Record of Palaemon macrodactylus (Oriental Shrimp) from the Eastern Coast of North America. In". 1 (17). Northeastern Naturalist: 91–102. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  11. ^ E.D., Spivak; E.E., Boschi; S R., Martorelli (2006). "Presence of Palaemon macrodactylus Rathbun 1902 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea: Palaemonidae) in Mar Del Plata Harbor, Argentina: first record from southwestern Atlantic waters". Biological Invasions. 4 (8): 673–676. doi:10.1007/s10530-005-2063-6. hdl:1834/1573. S2CID 1732349.
  12. ^ Cuesta, J.A.; Gonzalez-Ortegon, E.; Drake, P.; Rodriguez, A. (2004) [1902]. "First record of Palaemon macrodactylus Rathbun, (Decapoda, Caridea, Palaemonidae) from European waters". Crustaceana (77): 377–380. doi:10.1163/1568540041181466.
  13. ^ CW, Ashelby; TM, Worsfold; CHJM, Fransen (2004). "First records of the oriental prawn Palaemon macrodactylus (Decapoda: Caridea), an alien species in European waters, with a revised key to British Palaemonidae" (84). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom: 1041–1050. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  14. ^ M, Béguer; J, Bergé; J, Martin; J, Martinet; G, Pauliac; M, Girardin; P., Boët (2011). "Presence of Palaemon macrodactylus in a European estuary: evidence for a successful invasion of the Gironde (SW France)" (PDF). 3 (6). Aquatic Invasions: 401–418. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  15. ^ C, Udekem d'Acoz d'; M, Faasse; E, Dumoulin; HDe, Blauwe (2005). "Occurrence of the Asian shrimp Palaemon macrodactylus in the southern bight of the North Sea, with a key to the Palaemonidae of north-western Europe (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea)" (22). ederlandse Faunistische Mededelingen: 95–111. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  16. ^ Faasse, M. (2005) [1902]. "Palaemon macrodactylus Rathbun, (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea).)" (in Dutch). 6 (65). Het Zeepaard: 193–195. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  17. ^ Siegfried, CA (1980). "Seasonal abundance and distribution of Crangon franciscorum and Palaemon macrodactylus (Decapoda, Caridea) in the San Francisco Bay Delta" (159). Biological Bulletin: 177–192. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  18. ^ a b c d e Spivak, Eduardo D.; Boschi, Enrique E.; Martorelli, Sergio R. (2006-03-03). "Presence of Palaemon Macrodactylus Rathbun 1902 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea: Palaemonidae) in Mar Del Plata Harbor, Argentina: First Record from Southwestern Atlantic Waters". Biological Invasions. 8 (4): 673–676. doi:10.1007/s10530-005-2063-6. hdl:1834/1573. ISSN 1387-3547. S2CID 1732349.
  19. ^ a b https://invasions.si.edu/nemesis/species_summary/96450#:~:text=Palaemon%20macrodactylus%20is%20a%20caridean,distinct,%20well-developed%20rostrum
  20. ^ Vázquez, María Guadalupe; Spivak, Eduardo Daniel; Bas, Claudia Cristina (2016-02-23). "Ontogeny of salinity tolerance in the invasive shrimp Palaemon macrodactylus (Caridea: Palaemonidae)". Journal of Crustacean Biology. 36 (2): 214–219. doi:10.1163/1937240x-00002410. ISSN 0278-0372.
  21. ^ a b "Palaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)". www.cabi.org. Retrieved 2021-12-13.
  22. ^ González-Ortegón, E.; Cuesta, J. A.; Schubart, C. D. (2006-09-12). "First report of the oriental shrimp Palaemon macrodactylus Rathbun, 1902 (Decapoda, Caridea, Palaemonidae) from German waters". Helgoland Marine Research. 61 (1): 67–69. doi:10.1007/s10152-006-0048-1. ISSN 1438-387X. S2CID 21196206.
  23. ^ https://invasions.si.edu/nemesis/species_summary/96466
  24. ^ a b https://invasions.si.edu/nemesis/species_summary/96450#:~:text=Palaemon%20macrodactylus%20is%20a%20caridean,distinct,%20well-developed%20rostrum
  25. ^ "Palaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)". www.cabi.org. Retrieved 2021-12-10.
  26. ^ a b Beguer, Mélanie (2007). "First record of the invasive oriental shrimp Palaemon macrodactylus Rathbun, 1902 in France (Gironde Estuary)". Aquatic Invasions. 2 (2): 132–136. doi:10.3391/ai.2007.2.2.8. ISSN 1818-5487.
  27. ^ a b "Reproduction Summary - Palaemon macrodactylus". www.sealifebase.ca. Retrieved 2021-12-10.
  28. ^ a b "shrimp of the El Yunque national forest | Species and Feeding Habits | USDA" (PDF). www.fs.usda.gov. July 2008. Retrieved November 28, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  29. ^ "Palaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)". www.cabi.org. Retrieved 2021-12-10.
  30. ^ RM, Sitts; AW, Knight (1979). "Predation by the estuarine shrimps Crangon franciscorum Stimpson and Palaemon macrodactylus Rathbun" (156). Biological Bulletin: 356–368. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
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Palaemon macrodactylus: Brief Summary

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Palaemon macrodactylus is a species of shrimp of the family Palaemonidae.

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alien species

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The original range of distribution of the Oriental shrimp Palaemon macrodactylus are the estuaries along the coasts of Japan, China, and Korea. The species is presumed to have come to Europe through transport in the ballast water of ships. The Oriental shrimp was observed in Belgium for the first time in 2002 in the Zeeschelde near Doel. Later, the species was also encountered in the marina of Zeebrugge, the Spuikom of Ostend, the Yser-estuary and even on the beach of Heist. This exotic species tolerates large fluctuations in temperature and salinity, and usually occurs in sheltered areas.
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bibliographic citation
Katsanevakis, S.; Bogucarskis, K.; Gatto, F.; Vandekerkhove, J.; Deriu, I.; Cardoso A.S. (2012). Building the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): a novel approach for the exploration of distributed alien species data. <em>BioInvasions Records.</em> 1: 235-245. Béguer, M.; Bergé, J.; Martin, J.; Martinet, J.; Pauliac, G.; Girardin, M.; Philippe Boët, P. (2011). Presence of Palaemon macrodactylus in a European estuary: evidence for a successful invasion of the Gironde (SW France). <em>Aquatic Invasions.</em> 6(3): 301-318. Micu, D.; Niţă, V. (2009). First record of the Asian prawn Palaemon macrodactylus Rathbun, (Caridea: Palaemonoidea: Palaemonidae) from the Black Sea. <em>Aquatic Invasions.</em> 4(4): 597-604. Micu, D.; Niţă, V. (2009). First record of the Asian prawn Palaemon macrodactylus Rathbun, (Caridea: Palaemonoidea: Palaemonidae) from the Black Sea. <em>Aquatic Invasions.</em> 4(4): 597-604. Lavesque, N.; Bachelet, G.; Béguer, M.; Girardin, M.; Lepage, M.; Blanchet, H.; Sorbe, J.-C.; Modéran, J.; Sauriau, P.-G.; Auby, I. (2010). Recent expansion of the oriental shrimp Palaemon macrodactylus (Crustacea: Decapoda) on the western coasts of France. Aquatic Invasions 5(Suppl. 1): S103-S108. Molnar, J. L.; Gamboa, R. L.; Revenga, C.; Spalding, M. D. (2008). Assessing the global threat of invasive species to marine biodiversity. <em>Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.</em> 6(9): 485-492. Molnar, J. L.; Gamboa, R. L.; Revenga, C.; Spalding, M. D. (2008). Assessing the global threat of invasive species to marine biodiversity. <em>Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.</em> 6(9): 485-492. VLIZ Alien Species Consortium. (2010). d'Udekem d'Acoz, C.; Faasse, M.; Dumoulin, E.; De Blauwe, H. (2005). Occurrence of the Asian shrimp <i>Palaemon macrodactylus</i> in the Southern Bight of the North Sea, with a key to the Palaemonidae of north-western Europe (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridae). <em>Ned. Faunist. Meded.</em> 22: 95-111. Chícharo, M. A.; Leitão, T.; Range, P.; Gutierrez, C.; Morales, J.; Morais, P.; Chícharo, L. (2009). Alien species in the Guadiana Estuary (SE-Portugal/SW-Spain): Blackfordia virginica (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) and Palaemon macrodactylus (Crustacea, Decapoda): potential impacts and mitigation measures. <em>Aquatic Invasions.</em> 4(3): 501-506. Chícharo, M. A.; Leitão, T.; Range, P.; Gutierrez, C.; Morales, J.; Morais, P.; Chícharo, L. (2009). Alien species in the Guadiana Estuary (SE-Portugal/SW-Spain): Blackfordia virginica (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) and Palaemon macrodactylus (Crustacea, Decapoda): potential impacts and mitigation measures. <em>Aquatic Invasions.</em> 4(3): 501-506. Chícharo, M. A.; Leitão, T.; Range, P.; Gutierrez, C.; Morales, J.; Morais, P.; Chícharo, L. (2009). Alien species in the Guadiana Estuary (SE-Portugal/SW-Spain): Blackfordia virginica (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) and Palaemon macrodactylus (Crustacea, Decapoda): potential impacts and mitigation measures. <em>Aquatic Invasions.</em> 4(3): 501-506. Chícharo, M. A.; Leitão, T.; Range, P.; Gutierrez, C.; Morales, J.; Morais, P.; Chícharo, L. (2009). Alien species in the Guadiana Estuary (SE-Portugal/SW-Spain): Blackfordia virginica (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) and Palaemon macrodactylus (Crustacea, Decapoda): potential impacts and mitigation measures. <em>Aquatic Invasions.</em> 4(3): 501-506. Lavesque, N.; Bachelet, G.; Béguer, M.; Girardin, M.; Lepage, M.; Blanchet, H.; Sorbe, J.-C.; Modéran, J.; Sauriau, P.-G.; Auby, I. (2010). Recent expansion of the oriental shrimp Palaemon macrodactylus (Crustacea: Decapoda) on the western coasts of France. Aquatic Invasions 5(Suppl. 1): S103-S108. Micu, D.; Niţă, V. (2009). First record of the Asian prawn Palaemon macrodactylus Rathbun, (Caridea: Palaemonoidea: Palaemonidae) from the Black Sea. <em>Aquatic Invasions.</em> 4(4): 597-604. Micu, D.; Niţă, V. (2009). First record of the Asian prawn Palaemon macrodactylus Rathbun, (Caridea: Palaemonoidea: Palaemonidae) from the Black Sea. <em>Aquatic Invasions.</em> 4(4): 597-604. Micu, D.; Niţă, V. (2009). First record of the Asian prawn Palaemon macrodactylus Rathbun, (Caridea: Palaemonoidea: Palaemonidae) from the Black Sea. <em>Aquatic Invasions.</em> 4(4): 597-604. Minchin, D.; Cook, E.; Clark, P. (2013). Alien species in British brackish and marine waters. <em>Aquatic Invasions.</em> 8(1): 3-19. Molnar, J. L.; Gamboa, R. L.; Revenga, C.; Spalding, M. D. (2008). Assessing the global threat of invasive species to marine biodiversity. <em>Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.</em> 6(9): 485-492. Molnar, J. L.; Gamboa, R. L.; Revenga, C.; Spalding, M. D. (2008). Assessing the global threat of invasive species to marine biodiversity. <em>Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.</em> 6(9): 485-492. Torres, A.; Dos Santos, A.; Cuesta, J.; Carbonell, A.; Massuti, E.; Alemany, F.; Reglero, P. (2012). First Record Of Palaemon macrodactylus Rathbun, 1902 (Decapoda, Palaemonidae) In The Western Mediterranean. <em>Mediterranean Marine Science.</em> 13(2): 278-282. Torres, A.; Dos Santos, A.; Cuesta, J.; Carbonell, A.; Massuti, E.; Alemany, F.; Reglero, P. (2012). First Record Of Palaemon macrodactylus Rathbun, 1902 (Decapoda, Palaemonidae) In The Western Mediterranean. <em>Mediterranean Marine Science.</em> 13(2): 278-282. Schwindt, E.; Carlton, J.; Orensanz, J.; Scarabino, F.; Bortolus, A. (2020). Past and future of the marine bioinvasions along the Southwestern Atlantic. <em>Aquatic Invasions.</em> 15(1): 11-29. Schwindt, E.; Carlton, J.; Orensanz, J.; Scarabino, F.; Bortolus, A. (2020). Past and future of the marine bioinvasions along the Southwestern Atlantic. <em>Aquatic Invasions.</em> 15(1): 11-29.
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alien species

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Het oorspronkelijk verspreidingsgebied van de rugstreepsteurgarnaal Palaemon macrodactylus zijn de riviermondingen langs de kusten van Japan, China en Korea. Via transport in het ballastwater van schepen zou de soort naar Europa gekomen zijn. De rugstreepsteurgarnaal werd in België voor de allereerste keer waargenomen in 2002 in de Zeeschelde tegen Doel. Later bleek de soort ook aanwezig in de jachthaven van Zeebrugge, de spuikom van Oostende, in het IJzer-estuarium en werden zelfs exemplaren gevonden op het strand van Heist. Deze exoot verdraagt grote schom-melingen in temperatuur en zoutgehalte en komt doorgaans voor op beschutte plekjes.
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bibliographic citation
Katsanevakis, S.; Bogucarskis, K.; Gatto, F.; Vandekerkhove, J.; Deriu, I.; Cardoso A.S. (2012). Building the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): a novel approach for the exploration of distributed alien species data. <em>BioInvasions Records.</em> 1: 235-245. Béguer, M.; Bergé, J.; Martin, J.; Martinet, J.; Pauliac, G.; Girardin, M.; Philippe Boët, P. (2011). Presence of Palaemon macrodactylus in a European estuary: evidence for a successful invasion of the Gironde (SW France). <em>Aquatic Invasions.</em> 6(3): 301-318. Micu, D.; Niţă, V. (2009). First record of the Asian prawn Palaemon macrodactylus Rathbun, (Caridea: Palaemonoidea: Palaemonidae) from the Black Sea. <em>Aquatic Invasions.</em> 4(4): 597-604. Micu, D.; Niţă, V. (2009). First record of the Asian prawn Palaemon macrodactylus Rathbun, (Caridea: Palaemonoidea: Palaemonidae) from the Black Sea. <em>Aquatic Invasions.</em> 4(4): 597-604. Lavesque, N.; Bachelet, G.; Béguer, M.; Girardin, M.; Lepage, M.; Blanchet, H.; Sorbe, J.-C.; Modéran, J.; Sauriau, P.-G.; Auby, I. (2010). Recent expansion of the oriental shrimp Palaemon macrodactylus (Crustacea: Decapoda) on the western coasts of France. Aquatic Invasions 5(Suppl. 1): S103-S108. Molnar, J. L.; Gamboa, R. L.; Revenga, C.; Spalding, M. D. (2008). Assessing the global threat of invasive species to marine biodiversity. <em>Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.</em> 6(9): 485-492. Molnar, J. L.; Gamboa, R. L.; Revenga, C.; Spalding, M. D. (2008). Assessing the global threat of invasive species to marine biodiversity. <em>Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.</em> 6(9): 485-492. VLIZ Alien Species Consortium. (2010). d'Udekem d'Acoz, C.; Faasse, M.; Dumoulin, E.; De Blauwe, H. (2005). Occurrence of the Asian shrimp <i>Palaemon macrodactylus</i> in the Southern Bight of the North Sea, with a key to the Palaemonidae of north-western Europe (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridae). <em>Ned. Faunist. Meded.</em> 22: 95-111. Chícharo, M. A.; Leitão, T.; Range, P.; Gutierrez, C.; Morales, J.; Morais, P.; Chícharo, L. (2009). Alien species in the Guadiana Estuary (SE-Portugal/SW-Spain): Blackfordia virginica (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) and Palaemon macrodactylus (Crustacea, Decapoda): potential impacts and mitigation measures. <em>Aquatic Invasions.</em> 4(3): 501-506. Chícharo, M. A.; Leitão, T.; Range, P.; Gutierrez, C.; Morales, J.; Morais, P.; Chícharo, L. (2009). Alien species in the Guadiana Estuary (SE-Portugal/SW-Spain): Blackfordia virginica (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) and Palaemon macrodactylus (Crustacea, Decapoda): potential impacts and mitigation measures. <em>Aquatic Invasions.</em> 4(3): 501-506. Chícharo, M. A.; Leitão, T.; Range, P.; Gutierrez, C.; Morales, J.; Morais, P.; Chícharo, L. (2009). Alien species in the Guadiana Estuary (SE-Portugal/SW-Spain): Blackfordia virginica (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) and Palaemon macrodactylus (Crustacea, Decapoda): potential impacts and mitigation measures. <em>Aquatic Invasions.</em> 4(3): 501-506. Chícharo, M. A.; Leitão, T.; Range, P.; Gutierrez, C.; Morales, J.; Morais, P.; Chícharo, L. (2009). Alien species in the Guadiana Estuary (SE-Portugal/SW-Spain): Blackfordia virginica (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) and Palaemon macrodactylus (Crustacea, Decapoda): potential impacts and mitigation measures. <em>Aquatic Invasions.</em> 4(3): 501-506. Lavesque, N.; Bachelet, G.; Béguer, M.; Girardin, M.; Lepage, M.; Blanchet, H.; Sorbe, J.-C.; Modéran, J.; Sauriau, P.-G.; Auby, I. (2010). Recent expansion of the oriental shrimp Palaemon macrodactylus (Crustacea: Decapoda) on the western coasts of France. Aquatic Invasions 5(Suppl. 1): S103-S108. Micu, D.; Niţă, V. (2009). 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contributor
Vandepitte, Leen [email]
contributor
Vandepitte, Leen [email]