dcsimg

Diagnostic Description

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Nodular luminous organ present sporadically on body; no luminous organ on shoulder (Ref. 13608).
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Recorder
Cristina V. Garilao
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Morphology

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Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 27 - 31; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 26 - 30
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Cristina V. Garilao
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Trophic Strategy

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Usually found near continental slopes. Feeds primarily on crustaceans (euphausids, copepods, amphipods and decapod zoea), also ostracods and small cephalopods.
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Drina Sta. Iglesia
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Biology

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Usually found near continental slopes (Ref. 4736). Bathypelagic (Ref. 58426). Feeds primarily on crustaceans (euphausiids, copepods, amphipods and decapod zoea), also ostracods and small cephalopods (Ref. 4736).
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Susan M. Luna
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Importance

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fisheries: of no interest
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Bluntsnout smooth-head

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The bluntsnout smooth-head, black slickhead, cope's bluntsnout smooth-head, or Atlantic gymnast, Xenodermichthys copei, is a slickhead of the genus Xenodermichthys, found in the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific oceans, and the Tasman Sea, at depths of 100 to 2,600 m. This species grows to a length of 31 centimetres (12 in) TL.

References

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Bluntsnout smooth-head: Brief Summary

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The bluntsnout smooth-head, black slickhead, cope's bluntsnout smooth-head, or Atlantic gymnast, Xenodermichthys copei, is a slickhead of the genus Xenodermichthys, found in the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific oceans, and the Tasman Sea, at depths of 100 to 2,600 m. This species grows to a length of 31 centimetres (12 in) TL.

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Xenodermichthys copei ( Basque )

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Xenodermichthys copei Xenodermichthys generoko animalia da. Arrainen barruko Actinopterygii klasean sailkatzen da, Alepocephalidae familian.

Banaketa

Erreferentziak

  1. (Ingelesez) FishBase

Ikus, gainera

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Xenodermichthys copei: Brief Summary ( Basque )

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Xenodermichthys copei Xenodermichthys generoko animalia da. Arrainen barruko Actinopterygii klasean sailkatzen da, Alepocephalidae familian.

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Xenodermichthys copei ( Galician )

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Xenodermichthys copei é unha especie de peixe teleósteo mariño da orde dos osmeriformes, suborde dos arxentinoideos, superfamilia dos alepocefaloideos e familia dos alepocefálidos, unha das dúas que se integran no xénero Xenodermichthys.[1][2]

É un especie común e abundante nos océanos Atlántico, Índico e Pacífico. Inofensiva para os humanos, carece de interese comercial.[3][4]

Características

As principais características morfolóxicas desta especie son:[3][5]

  • Corpo alongado e comprimido lateralmente, ordinariamentre entre os 15 e os 17 cm de lonxitude. Porén, a lonxitude máxima rexistrada foi de 31 cm.[6]
  • Pel espida, cuberta dunha secreción mucosa endurecida, algo rugosa, e con numnerosos pequenos nódulos na superficie ventral do corpo e da cabeza.
  • Coloración negra-violácea, coas aletas máis claras.
  • Cabeza con ollos moi grandes (o seu diámetro é igual aos 2/5 da cabeza); boca pequena, co maxilar inferior sobresaíndo un pouco sobre o superior.
  • Aletas dorsal e anal opostas, alongadas, situadas na parte posterior do corpo e de tamaño semellante, con de 27 a 31 raios brandos na dorsal e de 26 a 30 rados brandos na anal, remantando ambas as dúas a pequena distancia da base da aleta caudal, que é falciforme. As aletas pectorais e pelvianas son pequenas.
  • A liña lateral, recta, é pouco aparente.
  • Esporadicamente presenta un órgano luminoso nodular no corpo.

Bioloxía

Hábitat e distribución

Xenodermichthys copei é un peixe mariño, mesopeláxico ou batipeláxico, que pode encontrarse entre os 100 e os 2 650 m de profundidade,[7] pero usualmente entre os 100 e os 1 230 m,[5][8] xeralmente cerca da plataforma continental.[9]

Esta especie está amplamente distribuída en todo o mundo, entre os 70° N e os 56° S, e entre os 90° W e os 180° E, nos océanos Atlántico, Índico e Pacífico.[3]

No Atlántico nordeste encóntrase desde Islandia e as illas Faroe, pasando polas as illas Británicas, o golfo de Biscaia, o mar Cantábrico, Galicia e Portugal, até o noroeste de Marrocos, as illas Azores e as Canarias.[4]

Nutrición

Aliméntase principalmente de pequenos crustáceos e cefalópodos.[5][9]

Reprodución

Reprodúcese entre os meses de setembro e decembro, preto do fondo mariño.[5]

Taxonomía

Descrición

A especie foi descrita en 1884 polo ictiólogo e paleontólogo estadounidense Theodore Nicholas Gill, quen lle deu o nome de Aleposomus copei,[1] para honrar ao seu colega e compatriota Edward Drinker Cope.

Etimoloxía

O epíteto específico, copei, é, como quedou dito, unha homenxe ao paleontólogo, anatomista comparativo, herpetólogo e ictiólogo Cope.

Nota: para a etimoloxía do nome xenérico, ver Xenodermichthys.

Sinonimia

Ademais de polo nome actualmente válido, a especie coñeceuse tamén polos sinónimos seguintes:[1][4]

  • Aleposomus copei Gill, 1884 (basónimo)
  • Aleposomus cyaneus Zugmayer, 1914
  • Xenodermichthys socialis Vaillant, 1888

Estado de conservación

A Unión Internacional para a Conservación da Natureza e dos Recursos Naturais, debido á ampla área de dispersión de Xenodermichthys copei, a que non ten interese perqueiro e non se enfronta a importantes ameazas, e aínda que non hai ningunha medida de conservación coñecida específica para esta especie (pero que pode estar protexida en varias áreas dentro da súa ampla zona de distribución), avalía o status da especie como LC (pouco preocupante).[4]

En Galicia

En augas galegas aparece citada esta especie por primeira vez en 1935 por de Buen e, posteriormente, en fondos da plataforma continetal maiores de 200 m, por Fariña et al (1983) e, en fondos de 200 a 500 m, por Sánchez e Pereiro (1992).[5]

Galería

Notas

  1. 1,0 1,1 1,2 Xenodermichthys copei (Gill, 1884) no WoRMS.
  2. Xenodermichthys copei (Gill, 1884) no ITIS.
  3. 3,0 3,1 3,2 Xenodermichthys copei (Gill, 1884) en FishBase.
  4. 4,0 4,1 4,2 4,3 Nielsen, J., Knudsen, S. & Uiblein, F. (2015): Xenodermichthys copei na Lista vermella de especies ameazadas da UICN. Versión 2016-3. Consultada o 31-12-2016.
  5. 5,0 5,1 5,2 5,3 5,4 Rodríguez Villanueva et al. (1995).
  6. Bernardes, R. Á.; J. L. de Figueiredo, A. R. Rodrigues, L. G. Fischer, C. M. Vooren, M. Haimovici & C. L. D. B. Rossi-Wongtschowski (2005): Peixes de zona econômica exclusiva da região sudeste-sul do Brasil: Levantamento com armadilhas, pargueiras e rede de arrasto de fundo. São Paulo: Editora da Universidade de São Paulo.
  7. Markle, D. F. & Y. I. Sazanov (1990): "Alepocephalidae", pp. 246-264. En J. C. Quero, J. C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post & L. Saldanha, eds. Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). Vol. 1. Lisbon: JNICT / Paris: SEI / Paris: UNESCO.
  8. Figueiredo, J. L. de; A. P. dos Santos, N. Yamaguti, R. Á. Bernardes & C. L. Del Bianco Rossi-Wongtschowski (2002): Peixes da zona econômica exclusiva da Região Sudeste-Sul do Brasil: Levantamento com Rede de Meia-Água. São-Paulo: Editora da Universidade de São Paulo / Imprensa Oficial do Estado.
  9. 9,0 9,1 Markle, D. F. & J.-C. Quéro (1984): "Alepocephalidae (including Bathylaconidae, Bathyprionidae)", pp. 228-253. En P. J. P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen & E. Tortonese, eds. Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Vol. 1. Paris: UNESCO.

Véxase tamén

Biblografía

  • Burton, Maurice & Robert Burton (1984): Encyclopedia of Fish. Saint Louis, EE.UU: BPC Publishing. ISBN 0-7064-0393-2.
  • Eschmeyer, W. N.; R. Fricke & R. van der Laan, eds. (2016): Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. (Ver en liña).
  • Markle, D. F. (1986): "Alepocephalidae", pp. 218–223. Smith, Margaret Mary & Phillip C. Heemstra, eds. Smiths' sea fishes. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
  • Nelson, Joseph S. (2006): Fishes of the World (4th ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBN 0-4712-5031-7.
  • Rodríguez Villanueva, X. L. e Xavier Vázquez (1995): Peixes do mar de Galicia. (III) Peixes óseos (continuación). Vigo: Edicións Xerais de Galicia. ISBN 84-7507-870-2, pp. 18–19.
  • Van der Land, J.; Costello, M. J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R. S.; Porteiro, F. M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W. N.; Froese, R. (2001): "Pisces", en: Costello, M. J. et al. (Eds.) European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Paris: Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50. ISBN 2-85653-538-0, pp. 357–374.

Outros artigos

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Xenodermichthys copei: Brief Summary ( Galician )

provided by wikipedia gl Galician

Xenodermichthys copei é unha especie de peixe teleósteo mariño da orde dos osmeriformes, suborde dos arxentinoideos, superfamilia dos alepocefaloideos e familia dos alepocefálidos, unha das dúas que se integran no xénero Xenodermichthys.

É un especie común e abundante nos océanos Atlántico, Índico e Pacífico. Inofensiva para os humanos, carece de interese comercial.

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Xenodermichthys copei ( Dutch; Flemish )

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Vissen

Xenodermichthys copei is een straalvinnige vissensoort uit de familie van gladkopvissen (Alepocephalidae).[1] De wetenschappelijke naam van de soort is voor het eerst geldig gepubliceerd in 1884 door Gill.

Bronnen, noten en/of referenties
  1. (en) Xenodermichthys copei. FishBase. Ed. Ranier Froese and Daniel Pauly. 10 2011 version. N.p.: FishBase, 2011.
Geplaatst op:
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Dit artikel is een beginnetje over biologie. U wordt uitgenodigd om op bewerken te klikken om uw kennis aan dit artikel toe te voegen. Beginnetje
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Xenodermichthys copei ( Portuguese )

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Xenodermichthys copei é uma espécie de peixe pertencente à família Alepocephalidae.

A autoridade científica da espécie é Gill, tendo sido descrita no ano de 1884.

Portugal

Encontra-se presente em Portugal, onde é uma espécie nativa.

Descrição

Trata-se de uma espécie marinha. Atinge os 31 cm de comprimento total nos indivíduos do sexo masculino.

Referências

  • Xenodermichthys copei - Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2014. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org, (11/2014)

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Xenodermichthys copei: Brief Summary ( Portuguese )

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Xenodermichthys copei é uma espécie de peixe pertencente à família Alepocephalidae.

A autoridade científica da espécie é Gill, tendo sido descrita no ano de 1884.

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Slät djuphavsfisk ( Swedish )

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Slät djuphavsfisk (Xenodermichthys copei) är en djuphavsfisk i familjen släthuvudfiskar.

Utseende

En avlång, smal fisk med slemmig, fjällös hud, svartviolett kropp och ljusare, genomskinligt gråblå fenor. Små, punktformiga ljusorgan finns på buken och kinderna.[2] Största längd är omkring 30 cm.[3]

Vanor

Den släta djuphavsfisken återfinns vanligen på kontinentalsockelns sluttningar från 100 till 1 230 m, även om den kan gå så djupt ner som 2 650 m. Födan består av olika kräftdjur som musselkräftor, lysräkor, märlkräftor och hoppkräftor samt små bläckfiskar.[3]

Utbredning

Arten finns i de flesta av jordens hav, Atlanten, Stilla havet och Indiska oceanen, bland annat runt Australien.[3] I Atlanten finns den från Grönland och Island till Brasilien och Sydafrika.[2]

Källor

  1. ^ Xenodermichthys copei Gill, 1884” (på engelska). ITIS. http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=162340. Läst 28 oktober 2010.
  2. ^ [a b] Curry-Lindahl, Kai (1985). Våra fiskar : havs- och sötvattensfiskar i Norden och övriga Europa. Stockholm: Norstedts. sid. 354. ISBN 91-1-844202-1
  3. ^ [a b c] Luna, Susan M. (6 oktober 2010). Xenodermichthys copei (Gill, 1884) Bluntsnout smooth-head” (på engelska). Fishbase. http://www.fishbase.org/summary/SpeciesSummary.php?id=5064. Läst 28 oktober 2010.
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Slät djuphavsfisk: Brief Summary ( Swedish )

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Slät djuphavsfisk (Xenodermichthys copei) är en djuphavsfisk i familjen släthuvudfiskar.

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柯氏平額魚 ( Chinese )

provided by wikipedia 中文维基百科
二名法 Xenodermichthys copei
Gill, 1884

柯氏平額魚,為輻鰭魚綱水珍魚目黑頭魚科的其中一,為深海魚類,分布於全球三大洋海域,深度100-2650公尺,體長可達31公分,棲息在中層水域,以甲殼類為食,生活習性不明。

参考文献

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柯氏平額魚: Brief Summary ( Chinese )

provided by wikipedia 中文维基百科

柯氏平額魚,為輻鰭魚綱水珍魚目黑頭魚科的其中一,為深海魚類,分布於全球三大洋海域,深度100-2650公尺,體長可達31公分,棲息在中層水域,以甲殼類為食,生活習性不明。

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Description

provided by World Register of Marine Species
Usually found near continental slopes. Feeds primarily on crustaceans (euphausids, copepods, amphipods and decapod zoea), also ostracods and small cephalopods. Spawning from September to November on or near the bottom (Ref. 4736).
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Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2021). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (08/2021). Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication. Census of Marine Zooplankton, 2006. NOAA Ship Ronald H Brown, deployment RHB0603, Sargasso Sea. Peter Wiebe, PI. Identifications by L. Bercial, N. Copley, A. Cornils, L. Devi, H. Hansen, R. Hopcroft, M. Kuriyama, H. Matsuura, D. Lindsay, L. Madin, F. Pagè North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Edward Vanden Berghe [email]
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Diet

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Feeds primarily on crustaceans (euphausids, copepods, amphipods and decapod zoea), also ostracods and small cephalopods
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Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2021). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (08/2021). Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication. Census of Marine Zooplankton, 2006. NOAA Ship Ronald H Brown, deployment RHB0603, Sargasso Sea. Peter Wiebe, PI. Identifications by L. Bercial, N. Copley, A. Cornils, L. Devi, H. Hansen, R. Hopcroft, M. Kuriyama, H. Matsuura, D. Lindsay, L. Madin, F. Pagè North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Kennedy, Mary [email]
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Kennedy, Mary [email]

Distribution

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Atlantic Ocean: widely distributed, ranging north to Iceland in the eastern section
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Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2021). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (08/2021). Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication. Census of Marine Zooplankton, 2006. NOAA Ship Ronald H Brown, deployment RHB0603, Sargasso Sea. Peter Wiebe, PI. Identifications by L. Bercial, N. Copley, A. Cornils, L. Devi, H. Hansen, R. Hopcroft, M. Kuriyama, H. Matsuura, D. Lindsay, L. Madin, F. Pagè North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Kennedy, Mary [email]
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Habitat

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Usually found near continental slopes.
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Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2021). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (08/2021). Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication. Census of Marine Zooplankton, 2006. NOAA Ship Ronald H Brown, deployment RHB0603, Sargasso Sea. Peter Wiebe, PI. Identifications by L. Bercial, N. Copley, A. Cornils, L. Devi, H. Hansen, R. Hopcroft, M. Kuriyama, H. Matsuura, D. Lindsay, L. Madin, F. Pagè North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Kennedy, Mary [email]
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Habitat

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nektonic
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Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2021). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (08/2021). Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication. Census of Marine Zooplankton, 2006. NOAA Ship Ronald H Brown, deployment RHB0603, Sargasso Sea. Peter Wiebe, PI. Identifications by L. Bercial, N. Copley, A. Cornils, L. Devi, H. Hansen, R. Hopcroft, M. Kuriyama, H. Matsuura, D. Lindsay, L. Madin, F. Pagè North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Kennedy, Mary [email]
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Habitat

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Known from seamounts and knolls
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Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2021). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (08/2021). Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication. Census of Marine Zooplankton, 2006. NOAA Ship Ronald H Brown, deployment RHB0603, Sargasso Sea. Peter Wiebe, PI. Identifications by L. Bercial, N. Copley, A. Cornils, L. Devi, H. Hansen, R. Hopcroft, M. Kuriyama, H. Matsuura, D. Lindsay, L. Madin, F. Pagè North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Habitat

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Epipelagic
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Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2021). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (08/2021). Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication. Census of Marine Zooplankton, 2006. NOAA Ship Ronald H Brown, deployment RHB0603, Sargasso Sea. Peter Wiebe, PI. Identifications by L. Bercial, N. Copley, A. Cornils, L. Devi, H. Hansen, R. Hopcroft, M. Kuriyama, H. Matsuura, D. Lindsay, L. Madin, F. Pagè North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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