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Rutheopsis

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Rutheopsis is a monotypic genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Apiaceae.[2] It only contains one known species, Rutheopsis herbanica (Bolle) A.Hansen & G.Kunkel[2]

It is native to the Canary Islands.[2]

The genus name of Rutheopsis is in honour of Johann Friedrich Ruthe (1788–1859), a German teacher (Oberlehrer), botanist and entomologist.[3] The genus has 2 known synonyms; 'Gliopsis Rauschert and Ruthea Bolle.[2] The Latin specific epithet of herbanica refers to being herbaceous.[4] It was first described and published in Cuad. Bot. Canaria Vol.26-27 on page 61 in 1976.[2][1]

It has been found that a dispersal from north-western Africa to the Canary Islands was retrieved for the common ancestor of Rutheopsis and Canaria Jim.Mejías & P.Vargas, another monotypic Canary Island Apiaceae species. Both plants species are endemic to the Canary Islands and are glabrous perennials with yellow flowers and glabrous, ovoid to oblong fruits with thickened ribs. Rutheopsis herbanica is only found in Lanzarote and Fuerteventura. Where as Canaria tortuosa inhabits El Hierro, La Palma, La Gomera, Tenerife and Gran Canaria. They do differ somewhat in leaf division and the shape of the leaf lobes but generally they are morphologically similar. It has been suggested that Canaria tortuosa be renamed as Rutheopsis tortuosa (Webb & Berthel.) Jim.Mejías & P.Vargas.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b "Rutheopsis herbanica (Bolle) A.Hansen & G.Kunkel". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 3 December 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Rutheopsis A.Hansen & G.Kunkel | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  3. ^ Burkhardt, Lotte (2018). Verzeichnis eponymischer Pflanzennamen – Erweiterte Edition [Index of Eponymic Plant Names – Extended Edition] (pdf) (in German). Berlin: Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum, Freie Universität Berlin. doi:10.3372/epolist2018. ISBN 978-3-946292-26-5. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  4. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for Gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. ISBN 184533731X.
  5. ^ Frankiewicz, Kamil E.; Banasiak, Łukasz; Oskolski, Alexei; Reduron, Jean-Pierre; Reyes-Betancort, Jorge Alfredo; Alsarraf, Mohammed; Trzeciak, Paulina; Spalik, Krzysztof (14 June 2021). "Long-distance dispersal events rather than growth habit and life-history traits affect diversification rate in tribe Apieae (Apiaceae)". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. doi:10.1093/botlinnean/boab032.
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Rutheopsis: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Rutheopsis is a monotypic genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Apiaceae. It only contains one known species, Rutheopsis herbanica (Bolle) A.Hansen & G.Kunkel

It is native to the Canary Islands.

The genus name of Rutheopsis is in honour of Johann Friedrich Ruthe (1788–1859), a German teacher (Oberlehrer), botanist and entomologist. The genus has 2 known synonyms; 'Gliopsis Rauschert and Ruthea Bolle. The Latin specific epithet of herbanica refers to being herbaceous. It was first described and published in Cuad. Bot. Canaria Vol.26-27 on page 61 in 1976.

It has been found that a dispersal from north-western Africa to the Canary Islands was retrieved for the common ancestor of Rutheopsis and Canaria Jim.Mejías & P.Vargas, another monotypic Canary Island Apiaceae species. Both plants species are endemic to the Canary Islands and are glabrous perennials with yellow flowers and glabrous, ovoid to oblong fruits with thickened ribs. Rutheopsis herbanica is only found in Lanzarote and Fuerteventura. Where as Canaria tortuosa inhabits El Hierro, La Palma, La Gomera, Tenerife and Gran Canaria. They do differ somewhat in leaf division and the shape of the leaf lobes but generally they are morphologically similar. It has been suggested that Canaria tortuosa be renamed as Rutheopsis tortuosa (Webb & Berthel.) Jim.Mejías & P.Vargas.

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