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Distribution

provided by ReptileDB
Continent: Africa
Distribution: S Somalia, Chad, Central African Republic, Senegal, Ethiopia, Tanzania [HR 31: 56]
Type locality: Borama District at ca. 1375 m elevation (43°E 10° N)
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Cape wolf snake

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The Cape wolf snake (Lycophidion capense) is a species of oviparous,[1][2] nonvenomous snake which occurs over a wide area of Southern, Central, and East Africa.[1][3] Though docile and harmless, it may be confused with the very venomous stiletto snake.[4]

Subspecies

The species contains three subspecies, including the nominotypical subspecies, L. c. capense:[1]

Nota bene: A trinomial authority in parentheses indicates that the subspecies was originally described in a genus other than Lycophidion.

Description

Adults regularly reach 40 cm in length,[4] but some grow to 64 cm. It has a flattened, tapering head and marbled eye. The brown or black lateral and dorsal scales are tipped white,[5] while the ventral scales are all-white. Long recurved fangs are present on the upper as well as lower jaws,[4] for which they are named.

Diet and behaviour

They are widely distributed but prefer damp locations,[4] with lowland forest and fynbos being preferred habitats. They feed mostly on geckos and skinks which they bite and kill by constriction.[2] They are believed to reach an age of 15 to 20 years.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Lycophidion capense at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 17 March 2021.
  2. ^ a b Carruthers, Vincent (2005). The Wildlife of Southern Africa: A Field Guide to the Animal and Plants of the Region. Cape Town: Struik Publishers. p. 92. ISBN 1-86872-451-4.
  3. ^ "Lycophidion capense (Smith, 1831)". Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 17 March 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d "This is a Wolf... snake". Facebook. Bionerds.co.za. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Lycophidion capense (Common wolf snake, Cape wolf snake)". biodiversity explorer. iziko museums. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
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Cape wolf snake: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

The Cape wolf snake (Lycophidion capense) is a species of oviparous, nonvenomous snake which occurs over a wide area of Southern, Central, and East Africa. Though docile and harmless, it may be confused with the very venomous stiletto snake.

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Lycophidion capense

provided by wikipedia FR

Lycophidion capense est une espèce de serpents de la famille des Lamprophiidae[1].

Répartition

Cette espèce se rencontre dans la moitié Est de l'Afrique[1].

Liste des sous-espèces

Selon Reptarium Reptile Database (25 avril 2015)[2] :

  • Lycophidion capense jacksoni Boulenger, 1893
  • Lycophidion capense capense (Smith, 1831)
  • Lycophidion capense loveridgei Laurent, 1968

Taxinomie

Les sous-espèces Lycophidion capense pembanum et Lycophidion capense multimaculatum ont été élevées au rang d'espèce.

Étymologie

Son épithète spécifique, composée de cap[e] et du suffixe latin -ense, « qui vit dans, qui habite », lui a été donnée en référence au lieu de sa découverte, Le Cap.

Galerie

Publications originales

  • Boulenger, 1893 : Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History), vol. 1, p. 1-448 (texte intégral).
  • Laurent, 1968 : A re-examination of the snake genus Lycophidion Duméril & Bibron. Bulletin of The Museum of Comparative Zoology, vol. 136, no 12, p. 461-482 (texte intégral).
  • Smith, 1831 : Contributions to the natural history of South Africa. South African quarterly journal, vol. 1, no 5, p. 9-24 (texte intégral).

Notes et références

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wikipedia FR

Lycophidion capense: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia FR

Lycophidion capense est une espèce de serpents de la famille des Lamprophiidae.

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fr
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wikipedia FR