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Tetragonia decumbens

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Tetragonia decumbens (dune spinach or sea spinach) is a coastal shrub, native to southern Africa.[1]

Description

It grows as a trailing undershrub with thick, pale, furry stems, and thick, oval, saddle-shaped leaves 10-60 millimetres long and 5-30 millimetres wide. Flowers occur in clusters of three to five, and comprise four light yellow perianth segments surrounding a centre of many stamens.[2] The fruit is succulent with four wings, whence the genus name 'Tetragonia' = four-angled.

Taxonomy

It was first described and named by Philip Miller in 1768.[3] In 1862 the name T. zeyheri was published by Eduard Fenzl, but this has since been determined to be a synonym of T. decumbens.[4]

Distribution and habitat

Native to southern Africa, it grows on coastal and estuarine sand dunes. The plant is edible and is a local delicacy in its native southern Africa, where it is known as "dune spinach". It is an important component of dune vegetation, being a hardy pioneer and stabilising dunes. The organic material it produces prepares the way for ensuing plants.

It is naturalised in Australia, where it is known as "sea spinach", and occurs in Western Australia, South Australia and New South Wales.[3] The New South Wales specimens were long misidentified as T. nigrescens.[5] It was also formerly naturalised in Victoria, but it is now extinct there.[3]

References

  1. ^ Tetragonia decumbens - Dune Spinach - article and information
  2. ^ Prescott, A. & Venning, J. (1984). "Aizoaceae". Flora of Australia, Volume 4: Phytolaccaceae to Chenopodiaceae. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service.
  3. ^ a b c "Tetragonia decumbens Mill". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government.
  4. ^ "Tetragonia zeyheri Fenzl". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government.
  5. ^ Heyligers, Petrus (1999). "The occurrence and history of Tetragonia decumbens (Aizoaceae) in New South Wales". Telopea. 8 (3): 371–373.

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Tetragonia decumbens: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Tetragonia decumbens (dune spinach or sea spinach) is a coastal shrub, native to southern Africa.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
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wikipedia EN