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Valeriana celtica

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Valeriana celtica is a species of plant in the family Caprifoliaceae. It is also known as Alpine valerian and valerian spikenard.[6] It is endemic to the Eastern Alps (V. celtica subsp. norica) and to the Graian and Pennine Alps. It grows as a perennial herb[7] 5 to 15 cm (2.0–5.9 in) tall. Along with Valeriana saxatilis and Valeriana elongata, it forms a clade of dioecious plants.[8] Until the 1930s, it was extensively harvested for export to Asia for use in perfumes.[2] The root has been used as a folk remedy as a nerve tonic.[7]

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References

  1. ^ "Valeriana celtica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017. Retrieved 2 October 2017. This taxon has not yet been assessed for the IUCN Red List, but is in the Catalogue of Life: Valeriana celtica Valeriana celtica celtica Valeriana celtica norica Vierh. Valeriana celtica Vill. Valeriana celtica pancicii (Hal. & Bald.) Weberling
  2. ^ a b c Novak, Johannes; Novak, Stefan; Bitsch, Christina; Franz, Chlodwig Michael (10 March 2000). "Essential oil composition of underground parts of Valeriana celtica ssp. from Austria and Italy". Flavour and Fragrance Journal. 15 (1): 40–42. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(200001/02)15:13.0.CO;2-B. ISSN 0882-5734. Archived from the original on 6 January 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
  3. ^ "Valeriana celtica ssp. norica". Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
  4. ^ Weberling, F.; Endlich, B.; Engel, D.B.K (1971). "Zur systematischen Stellung von Valeriana pancicii Halácsy & Baldacci und V. bertiscea Pančić". Österreichische Botanische Zeitschrift. 119 (1–3): 94–101. doi:10.1007/BF01373111. S2CID 12155635.
  5. ^ "Valeriana celtica L., 1753 - Taxon n°5675 - BDNFF v4.02". Tela Botanica. Le réseau des Botanistes Francophones. 2000–2009. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
  6. ^ Kress, Henriette (1995–2010). "Valeriana celtica". Henriette's Herbal Homepage. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
  7. ^ a b Uphof, Johannes Cornelis Theodorus (1968) [1959]. Dictionary of Economic Plants (second ed.). New York, NY: J. Cramer. p. 538. ISBN 9783904144711. OCLC 48693661.
  8. ^ Bell, Charles D.; Calderon, Gloria; Gonzalez, Lauren; Scholz, Andrea; Liede-Schumann, Sigrid (2015). "Resolving Relationships within Valerianaceae (Dipsacales): New Insights and Hypotheses from Low-Copy Nuclear Regions". Systematic Botany. 40: 327–335. doi:10.1600/036364415X686611. S2CID 83634201.

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Valeriana celtica: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Valeriana celtica is a species of plant in the family Caprifoliaceae. It is also known as Alpine valerian and valerian spikenard. It is endemic to the Eastern Alps (V. celtica subsp. norica) and to the Graian and Pennine Alps. It grows as a perennial herb 5 to 15 cm (2.0–5.9 in) tall. Along with Valeriana saxatilis and Valeriana elongata, it forms a clade of dioecious plants. Until the 1930s, it was extensively harvested for export to Asia for use in perfumes. The root has been used as a folk remedy as a nerve tonic.

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