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The Dipteridaceae is a family of ferns in the order Gleicheniales of the class Polypodiopsida.[1] They are commonly known as umbrella ferns and contain two genera, Cheiropleuria and Dipteris,[2] with a total of nine species confined to Asia, New Guinea and northern Australia[3] While currently a small family, they were much more abundant in the Mesozoic era, with the oldest fossils being known from the Middle Triassic of Italy, Australia and Argentina. Seven fossil genera are recognised, including Hausmannia, Clathropteris, Dictyophyllum, Thaumatopteris, Camptopteris, and Polyphacelus.[4]

The following diagram shows the placement of Dipteridaceae in a likely phylogenic relationship with the other two families of Gleicheniales.[5]


 6 genera


 2 genera


Cheiropleuria – about 3 species


Dipteris – about 7 species



  1. ^ Alan R. Smith; Kathleen M. Pryer; Eric Schuettpelz; Petra Korall; Harald Schneider; Paul G. Wolf (2006). "A classification for extant ferns" (PDF). Taxon. 55 (3): 705–731. doi:10.2307/25065646. JSTOR 25065646. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-02-26.
  2. ^ Maarten J. M. Christenhusz; Xian-Chun Zhang; Harald Schneider (2011). "A linear sequence of extant families and genera of lycophytes and ferns" (PDF). Phytotaxa. 19: 7–54. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.19.1.2.
  3. ^ Christenhusz, M. J. M.; Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. Magnolia Press. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.
  4. ^ Bodnar, Josefina; Drovandi, Juan; Morel, Eduardo; Ganuza, Daniel (2018). "Middle Triassic dipterid ferns from west-central Argentina and their relation to palaeoclimatic changes". Acta Palaeontologica Polonica. 63. doi:10.4202/app.00459.2018.
  5. ^ Samuli Lehtonen (2011). "Towards Resolving the Complete Fern Tree of Life" (PDF). PLOS ONE. 6 (10): e24851. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0024851. PMC 3192703. PMID 22022365.
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