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Firoloida

provided by wikipedia EN

Firoloida is a monotypic genus of pelagic marine gastropod mollusc in the family Pterotracheidae, with the only species in the genus being Firoloida desmarestia. This shell-less mollusc is found in tropical and sub-tropical waters in the epipelagic zone of the world's oceans.

Taxonomy

Both genus and species were first described in 1817 by the French artist and naturalist Charles Alexandre Lesueur. He named the species in honour of the French zoologist Anselme Gaëtan Desmarest but made an error in spelling the specific name and called the mollusc F. demarestia. Subsequent authors corrected this to F. desmarestia, but according to the rules of precedence of scientific names, the misspelling should stand. However the ICZN determined that F. desmarestia was preferable and substituted it for the original name.[2]

Description

Firoloida desmarestia has a proboscis, a long, transparent cylindrical body and a short, ventral tail. It has a large, rounded swimming fin, situated towards the front of the mollusc, and the opaque visceral nucleus, a mass which includes the liver, heart, gonad, sexual glands and kidneys, at the rear. Males have a sucker on the front edge of the fin, large tentacles in front of the eyes, and a tail filament, while females lack the sucker and tentacles, and have a string of eggs trailing behind them.[3]

Distribution

Firoloida desmarestia is found in warm oceanic waters and is of cosmopolitan distribution. It has been collected from the upper 145 metres (476 ft) of the sea and it seems to be uncommon in the north Central Atlantic Ocean, more plentiful in the Indian Ocean and rare in the northern Pacific Ocean around Hawaii.[3]

Biology

The sexes are separate in Firoloida desmarestia. A string of eggs in varying stages of development trail behind the female. Newly fertilised eggs are close to the visceral nucleus while veliger larvae, complete with a shell of two whorls and a rounded aperture, are at the far end and eventually become detached. All stages of this mollusc are planktonic.[3]

References

  1. ^ Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S. (2015). "Firoloida Lesueur, 1817". WoRMS. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
  2. ^ a b c Gofas, S. (2015). "Firoloida desmarestia Lesueur, 1817". WoRMS. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
  3. ^ a b c Seapy, Roger R. "Firoloida desmarestia Lesueur, 1817". ToLWEB. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
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Firoloida: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Firoloida is a monotypic genus of pelagic marine gastropod mollusc in the family Pterotracheidae, with the only species in the genus being Firoloida desmarestia. This shell-less mollusc is found in tropical and sub-tropical waters in the epipelagic zone of the world's oceans.

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cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
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