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Flora of North America: Splachnum

provided by EOL authors

Several species of Splachnum occur in North America, and are covered in Vol. 28 of Flora of North America.

Splachnum

provided by wikipedia EN

Splachnum, also known as dung moss or petticoat moss, is a genus of moss that is well known for its entomophily. It commonly grows on patches of dung or decomposing animal matter.

Etymology

The name Splachnum comes from the Ancient Greek word splachnos, meaning guts or entrails. This refers to appearance of the top of the plant's dried sporophyte - it is often red and wrinkled.[1]

Description

This genus is known for its unique sporophyte structure. Sporophytes are brightly coloured and produce an odour similar to dung meant to attract insects. This sort of chemical mimicry of decomposing matter is unique in Splachnum and closely related genera.[2]

Evolution and taxonomy

Because Splachnum grows in such specific conditions, it is used as a model species for understanding the evolutionary mechanisms necessary for co-existing in patchy habitats.[3]

Species

See also

References

  1. ^ Meagher, David. "An etymology of Australian bryophyte genera. 2 — Mosses" (PDF).{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ Marino, Paul; Raguso, Robert; Goffinet, Bernard (2009). "The ecology and evolution of fly dispersed dung mosses (Family Splachnaceae): Manipulating insect behaviour through odour and visual cues". Symbiosis. 47 (2): 61–76. doi:10.1007/BF03182289. S2CID 36557683.
  3. ^ Marino, Paul C. (1991). "Dispersal and Coexistence of Mosses (Splachnaceae) in Patchy Habitats". Journal of Ecology. 79 (4): 1047–1060. doi:10.2307/2261097. ISSN 0022-0477. JSTOR 2261097.
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Splachnum: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Splachnum, also known as dung moss or petticoat moss, is a genus of moss that is well known for its entomophily. It commonly grows on patches of dung or decomposing animal matter.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN