Neocheiropteris is a genus of ferns in the family Polypodiaceae, subfamily Microsoroideae, according to the Pteridophyte Phylogeny Group classification of 2016 (PPG I).
A molecular phylogenetic study in 2019 suggested that Neocheiropteris was one of a group of closely related genera in the subfamily Microsoroideae, a group the authors termed "Lepisorus sensu lato". It species were embedded in a clade in which none of the genera appeared to be monophyletic: Lepisorus
Lepidomicrosorium + Neocheiropteris + Neolepisorus + Tricholepidium
Paragramma (as Lepisorus longifolius)
As of February 2020, the Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World recognized the following species, while noting that the distinction from Neolepisorus was not clear:
Plants of the World Online submerges Neolepisorus into Neocheiropteris, although placing some species that the Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World accepts in Neolepisorus in Microsorum.
^ a b c Hassler, Michael & Schmitt, Bernd (January 2020), "Neocheiropteris", Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World, Version 8.20, retrieved 2020-02-14
^ PPG I (2016), "A community-derived classification for extant lycophytes and ferns", Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 54 (6): 563–603, doi:10.1111/jse.12229, S2CID 39980610
^ Testo, Weston L.; Field, Ashley R.; Sessa, Emily B. & Sundue, Michael (2019), "Phylogenetic and Morphological Analyses Support the Resurrection of Dendroconche and the Recognition of Two New Genera in Polypodiaceae Subfamily Microsoroideae" (PDF), Systematic Botany, 44 (4): 737–752, doi:10.1600/036364419X15650157948607, S2CID 208176686, retrieved 2020-02-11
^ "Neolepisorus Ching", Plants of the World Online, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2020-02-14
^ "Neolepisorus pappei (Mett.) Li Wang", Plants of the World Online, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2020-02-14