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Ommastrephinae

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Ommastrephinae is a subfamily of squids under the family Ommastrephidae.

Description

Ommastrephinae includes the largest species of squids belonging to the family Ommastrephidae, Humboldt squid (Dosidicus gigas) which can grow to 1.5 metres (4.9 ft) in mantle length (ML).[2] It also contains the smallest squid species belonging to the family, the glass squid (Hyaloteuthis pelagica) which has a mantle length of only up to 9 cm (3.5 in).[3] Ommastrephinae are mostly pelagic members of the family Ommastrephidae. Some species of the subfamily (notably Sthenoteuthis and Ommastrephes) are known for their behavior of leaping out of the water (hence the common names 'flying squid').[4]

Taxonomy

The name of the subfamily, like the family itself and one if its member genera, Ommastrephes, comes from Greek ὄμμα ('eye') and -strephes ('rolling').[5] They were first described by H.J. Posselt in 1891.

List of genera

Eight species of squids are recognized under Ommastrephinae, divided among six genera. They are the following:

References

  1. ^ "Ommastrephinae Posselt, 1891: Taxonomic Serial No.: 555745". Integrated Taxonomic Information System, https://www.itis.gov/. January 23, 2011. Retrieved January 25, 2011. {{cite web}}: External link in |publisher= (help)
  2. ^ Glaubrecht, M. & M.A. Salcedo-Vargas 2004. The Humboldt squid Dosidicus gigas (Orbigny, 1835): History of the Berlin specimen, with a reappraisal of other (bathy-)pelagic gigantic cephalopods (Mollusca, Ommastrephidae, Architeuthidae). Zoosystematics and Evolution 80(1): 53–69.
  3. ^ Nesis, K. N. 1982. Abridged key to the cephalopod mollusks of the world's ocean. 385,ii pp. Light and Food Industry Publishing House, Moscow. (In Russian.). Translated into English by B. S. Levitov, ed. by L. A. Burgess (1987), Cephalopods of the world. T. F. H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ, 351pp.
  4. ^ Ferris Jabr (August 2, 2010). "Fact or Fiction: Can a Squid Fly Out of the Water?". Scientific American, http://www.scientificamerican.com/. Retrieved January 24, 2011. {{cite web}}: External link in |publisher= (help)
  5. ^ Nixon, Marion; Young, John Zachary (2003). The brains and lives of cephalopods. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-852761-6.

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Ommastrephinae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Ommastrephinae is a subfamily of squids under the family Ommastrephidae.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
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wikipedia EN