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Turricula (gastropod)

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Turricula is a genus of sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Clavatulidae.[1]

Taxonomy

Clavatulidae was raised, based on cladistic analysis, from subfamily to the family level by Rosenberg in 1998. It remained regarded as a subfamily of Turridae by several malacologists (Kantor, Sysoev).[1] until a new publication in 2011 [2]

Fossil records

This genus is known in the fossil records from the Cretaceous to the Quaternary (age range: from 70.6 to 0.0 million years ago). Fossils of species within this genus have been found all over the world.[3]

Description

The turriculated shell is fusiform with a long spire. The anal sinus is situated in the infrasutural depression above the peripheral carina. The siphonal canal is long and slightly bent. The operculum has a medio-lateral nucleus. The eyes of the animal are situated at the base of the tentacles. Radula formula : 1-0-1.[4]

Distribution

The species of this marine genus occurs in the Indo-West Pacific, from the Red Sea and east Africa to Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia).

Species

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Fossil of the extinct species Surcula faxensis at the Geological Museum in Copenhagen
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Five views of the shell of Turricula dimidiata (Brocchi, 1814) from the Pliocene of Italy

Species within the genusTurricula include:[3][5]

Species brought into synonymy
  • Turricula bijubata (Reeve, 1843): synonym of Turridrupa bijubata (Reeve, 1843)
  • Turricula brunonia Dall, 1924: synonym of Veprecula brunonia (Dall, 1924)
  • Turricula cadaverosa (Reeve, 1844): synonym of Vexillum cadaverosum (Reeve, 1844)
  • Turricula casta H. Adams, 1872: synonym of Vexillum castum (H. Adams, 1872)
  • Turricula ensyuensis Shikama, 1977: synonym of Comitas ensyuensis (Shikama, 1977)
  • Turricula flammea Schumacher, 1817: synonym of Turricula javana (Linnaeus, 1767)
  • Turricula granobalteatus [sic]: synonym of Turricula granobalteus (Hedley, 1922)
  • Turricula hondoana Dall, 1925: synonym of Aforia circinata (Dall, 1873)
  • Turricula kamakurana (Pilsbry, 1895): synonym of Comitas kamakurana (Pilsbry, 1895)
  • Turricula kuroharai Oyama, 1962: synonym of Comitas kuroharai (Oyama, 1962)
  • Turricula lavinia Dall, 1919: synonym of Ptychobela lavinia (Dall, 1919)
  • Turricula lavinoides Olsson, 1922: synonym of Fusiturricula lavinoides (Olsson, 1922)
  • Turricula libya Dall, 1919: synonym of Tiariturris libya (Dall, 1919)
  • Turricula limonensis Olsson, 1922: synonym of Fusiturricula lavinoides (Olsson, 1922)
  • Turricula murrawolga Garrard, 1961: synonym of Comitas murrawolga (Garrard, 1961)
  • Turricula rectilateralis (G.B. Sowerby II, 1874): synonym of Vexillum suluense (A. Adams & Reeve, 1850)
  • Turricula scalaria (Barnard, 1958): synonym of Makiyamaia scalaria (Barnard, 1958)
  • Turricula tornatus [sic]: synonym of Turricula tornata (Dillwyn, 1817)
  • Turricula tuberculata (Gray, 1839): synonym of Turricula nelliae spuria (Hedley, 1922)
  • Turricula waitaraensis Marwick, 1926: synonym of † Thatcheria waitaraensis (Marwick, 1926)
Further investigation needed

References

  1. ^ a b c World Register of Marine Species: Clavatulidae. accessed 1 April 2010.
  2. ^ P. Bouchet; Yu. I. Kantor; A. Sysoev & N. Puillandre (2011). "A new operational classification of the Conoidea (Gastropoda)". Journal of Molluscan Studies. 77 (3): 273–308. doi:10.1093/mollus/eyr017.
  3. ^ a b Fossilworks
  4. ^ George Washington Tryon, Manual of Conchology vol. VI, p. 158; 1884 (described as the genus Surcula)
  5. ^ WoRMS : Turricula; accessed : 28 August 2011
  6. ^ Le Renard (J.) & Pacaud (J.-M.), 1995 Révision des Mollusques paléogènes du Bassin de Paris. 2 - Liste des références primaires des espèces. Cossmanniana, t. 3, vol. 3, p. 65-132
  7. ^ Fossile
  • Nomenclaturor Zoologicus info
  • Li, BQ. & Li, XZ. 2008. Report on the two subfamilies Clavatulinae and Cochlespirinae (Mollusca : Neogastropoda : Turridae) from the China seas. Zootaxa 1771: 31-42
  • Wilson, B. 1994. Australian Marine Shells. Prosobranch Gastropods. Kallaroo, WA : Odyssey Publishing Vol. 2 370 pp.

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Turricula (gastropod): Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Turricula is a genus of sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Clavatulidae.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN