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Image of Barbitistes obtusus Targioni-Tozzetti 1881
Unresolved name

Phaneropterine Katydids

Phaneropterinae

Phaneropterinae

provided by wikipedia EN

The Phaneropterinae, the sickle-bearing bush crickets or leaf katydids, are a subfamily of insects within the family Tettigoniidae.[2][3] Nearly 2,060 species in 85 genera throughout the world are known. They are also known as false katydids[4] or round-headed katydids.[2]

The name Phaneropterinae is based upon the Old World genus Phaneroptera (type species P. falcata), meaning "visible wing";[5] this refers to the exposed tips of the inner wings seen in many species, although some genera, notably in the tribes Barbitistini and Odonturini have become brachypterous.

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Adult Phaneropterinae species with eggs

Description

The legs of individuals in this subfamily vary from genus to genus, but, as in nearly all Orthoptera, the posterior (rear) legs are adapted to leaping, and as such are always much longer than other legs.

The Phaneropterinae are largely arboreal in habitat.[2] The vast majority of species live in shrubs and trees, feeding on leaves and twigs.[2] Some species might potentially cause significant damage, though usually superficial, when present in large numbers, but this is rare; they usually are solitary, unlike meadow grasshoppers, so much so that they seldom come to human notice.[2]

The ovipositor and male genitalia vary according to the genus. The Phaneropterinae differ from other subfamilies of Tettigoniidae (and other Orthoptera) in their oviposition; their eggs are rarely deposited in the earth, but are either glued in double rows to twigs, or are inserted in the edges of leaves.[2]

Taxonomy

The subfamily Phaneropterinae was first erected in 1838 by German zoologist Hermann Burmeister.[3] As of January 2019, Orthoptera Species File lists the following tribes, subtribes, genus groups, and genera.[3]

Acrometopini

Auth.: Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – Europe, the Middle East, Africa

Amblycoryphini

Auth.: Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – Americas, Africa

Barbitistini

Auth.: Jacobson, 1905 – Europe to central Asia

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Isophya species mating

Catoptropterigini

Auth.: Massa, 2016 – Africa

Ducetiini

Auth.: Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – Africa, India, China, Indochina to Australia

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Ducetia sp.
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Shirakisotima japonica

Dysoniini

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Dysonia sp.
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Markia arizae

Auth.: Rehn, 1950 – tropical Americas

Ectemnini

Auth.: Cadena-Castañeda, 2015 – tropical Americas

Elimaeini

Auth.: Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1891 – Asia

Holochlorini

Auth.: Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – Africa, Asia-Pacific

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Holochlora japonica female laying eggs

Insarini

Auth.: Rehn, & Hebard, 1914 – tropical & subtropical Americas

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Kevaniellini

Auth.: Massa, 2017 – eastern Africa

Letanini

Auth.: Hebard, 1922 – Asia

Microcentrini

Auth.: Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – Americas

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Eggs of Microcentrum.

Mirolliini

Auth.: Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – Asia

Morgeniini

Auth.: Karsch, 1890 - central and western Africa

Odonturini

Auth.: Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – Americas, Iberian peninsula, Africa, Pacific islands

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Obolopteryx castanea

Otiaphysini

Auth.: Karsch, 1889 - Africa

Pardalotini

Auth.: Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 - Africa

Percynini

Auth.: Cadena-Castañeda, 2015 – South America

Phaneropterini

Auth.: Burmeister, 1838 – distributed worldwide

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Phaneroptera nana nymph

Phlaurocentrini

Auth.: Karsch, 1889 – Africa

Phyllopterini

Auth.: Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878

Plagiopleurini

Auth.: Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – South America

Plangiopsidini

Auth.: Cadena-Castañeda, 2015 – Africa

Poreuomenini

Auth.: Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – Africa

Preussiini

Auth.: Karsch, 1890 – Africa

Pycnopalpini

Auth.: Cadena-Castañeda, 2014 – Central and South America

Scudderiini

Auth.: Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – Americas

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Steirodontini

Auth.: Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – South America

Terpnistrini

Auth.: Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – Africa, Sri Lanka

Trigonocoryphini

Auth.: Bei-Bienko, 1954 – Middle East, India, Malaysia

Tylopsidini

Auth.: Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – Africa, Europe, Middle East, western Asia

Vossiini

Auth.: Cadena-Castañeda, 2015 – Africa, Asia

  • Vossiina Cadena-Castañeda, 2015 – Africa
  • Xantiina Cadena-Castañeda, 2015 – Asia
    • Paraxantia Liu & Kang, 2009 – China
    • Xantia Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – Borneo

Zeuneriini

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Zeuneria melanopeza

Auth.: Karsh, 1890 - tropical Africa

Genus groups

Subtribe Trachyzulphina Gorochov, 2014 – China, Indochina, Malesia

Genus groups include:

  • Acridopezae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – Australia
  • Aegimiae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – Central and South America
  • Aniarae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – South America, E. Africa
  • Centroferae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – South America
  • Cosmophylla Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – South America, Madagascar, Australia
  • Dysmorphae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – Malesia
  • Ephippithytae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – Vietnam, Papua New Guinea, Australia
  • Eurypalpae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – Eastern China, Vietnam, Sumatra, Australia
  • Isopserae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – Eastern Africa, India, Indochina, Malesia
  • Karschiae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1891
  • Leptoderae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – Sri Lanka, Malesia
  • Pseudophaneropterae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – Sri Lanka, Sumatra
  • ScambophyllaBrunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – Indochina, Malesia
  • Scaphurae Westwood, 1838 – South America
  • Taeniomenae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – Australia
  • Turpiliae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1878 – Central America, Caribbean

Incertae sedis

These genera have not been placed in a tribe:

References

  1. ^ Burmeister H (1838) Handbuch der Entomologie 2 2(I-VIII):684
  2. ^ a b c d e f Blatchley WS. 1920. Orthoptera of northeastern America, Family VII. Tettigoniidae, Subfamily I, Phaneropterinae. Indianapolis, IN: Nature Publishing. 784 p. Phaneropterinae (pp. 459-494)
  3. ^ a b c Cigliano, M. M.; Braun, H.; Eades, D. C.; Otte, D. "subfamily Phaneropterinae Burmeister, 1838". orthoptera.speciesfile.org. Orthoptera Species File. Retrieved 4 January 2019.
  4. ^ Walker, Thomas J. "Singing Insects of North America (SINA), Phaneropterinae". Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  5. ^ Jaeger, Edmund Carroll (1959). A source-book of biological names and terms. Springfield, Ill: Thomas. ISBN 0-398-06179-3.

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Phaneropterinae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

The Phaneropterinae, the sickle-bearing bush crickets or leaf katydids, are a subfamily of insects within the family Tettigoniidae. Nearly 2,060 species in 85 genera throughout the world are known. They are also known as false katydids or round-headed katydids.

The name Phaneropterinae is based upon the Old World genus Phaneroptera (type species P. falcata), meaning "visible wing"; this refers to the exposed tips of the inner wings seen in many species, although some genera, notably in the tribes Barbitistini and Odonturini have become brachypterous.

 src= Adult Phaneropterinae species with eggs
license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN