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Diagnostic Description

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Grey-brown with large dark blotches (Ref. 26346). Tail very short (Ref. 26346). Mid-dorsal row of stout thorns which extend from nuchal region to first dorsal fin. Thorns close posterior to the pelvic girdle larger than along the tail (Ref. 6902). Upper surface dark mouse gray, dark blue gray or dark brown with small rounded spots. Lower surface white and sooty in variable patterns (Ref. 6902).
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Recorder
Cristina V. Garilao
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Life Cycle

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Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace. Young may tend to follow large objects, such as their mother (Ref. 205).
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Cristina V. Garilao
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Trophic Strategy

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Found on the continental slope (Ref. 75154), reaching bathyal and abyssal depths in the Arctic region (Ref. 119696). Feeds on all kinds of bottom animals.
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Recorder
Drina Sta. Iglesia
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Biology

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Found on the lower continental slope (Ref. 6871), probably most common on deep slopes and at abyssal depths (Ref. 114953). Benthic (Ref. 58426); meso- to bathybenthic, on muddy substrate (Ref. 119696). Feed on all kinds of bottom animals (Ref. 3167). Prefer polar temperatures from hatching to maturity and eggs are incubated successfully and regularly in water as cold as 0°C (Ref. 6902). Oviparous. Distinct pairing with embrace. Young may tend to follow large objects, such as their mother (Ref. 205). Eggs are oblong capsules with stiff pointed horns at the corners deposited in sandy or muddy flats (Ref. 205). Egg capsule measures 81-125 mm long and 50-80 mm wide (Ref. 41251). Hatching size at 16-18 cm TL (Ref. 114953) (15 cm long in Ref. 119696).
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Recorder
Liza Q. Agustin
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Importance

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fisheries: of no interest
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Liza Q. Agustin
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Arctic skate

provided by wikipedia EN

The Arctic skate (Amblyraja hyperborea) is a species of fish in the family Rajidae. It lives near the seabed between 140 and 2,500 m deep in the Arctic Ocean and waters around Canada and northern and north-western Europe, in the northern Pacific Ocean, and in waters surrounding Antarctica and New Zealand.[2]

The Arctic skate is about 1 m long and is gray-brown with large dark spots. Its underside is white with dark patterns. It has thorns in line from back to near the end of its tail. It is oviparous; its eggs are capsules with hard horns on each corner. It eats all sorts of small animals at the bottom of the sea.[2]

Taxonomy

This species was first described by Robert Collett in 1879 and named Raja hyperborea.[3]

Conservation

The Arctic skate is classified as being of "least concern" by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.[4]

In New Zealand, the Department of Conservation has classified the Arctic skate as "Not Threatened" under the New Zealand Threat Classification System.[5]

References

  1. ^ Kulka, D.W.; Barker, A.S.; Pasolini, P.; Orlov, A.; Walls, R.H.L. (2016). "Amblyraja hyperborea". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T63119A68608464. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T63119A68608464.en. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Amblyraja hyperborea summary page". FishBase. Retrieved 2019-01-15.
  3. ^ Collett, Robert (1879). "Fiske fra Nordhavs-Expeditionens sidste Togt, Sommeren 1878". Forhandlinger i Videnskabs-selskabet i Christiania. 1878: 1–64 – via Biodiversity Heritage Library.
  4. ^ Kulka, D.W.; Barker, A.S.; Pasolini, P.; Orlov, A.; Walls, R.H.L. (15 August 2015). "Amblyraja hyperborea". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 15 August 2015. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T63119A68608464. Retrieved 15 January 2019.{{cite iucn}}: error: malformed |doi= identifier (help)|date= / |doi= mismatch
  5. ^ Duffy, Clinton A. J.; Francis, Malcolm; Dunn, M. R.; Finucci, Brit; Ford, Richard; Hitchmough, Rod; Rolfe, Jeremy (2016). Conservation status of New Zealand chondrichthyans (chimaeras, sharks and rays), 2016 (PDF). Wellington, New Zealand: Department of Conservation. p. 8. ISBN 9781988514628. OCLC 1042901090.
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Arctic skate: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

The Arctic skate (Amblyraja hyperborea) is a species of fish in the family Rajidae. It lives near the seabed between 140 and 2,500 m deep in the Arctic Ocean and waters around Canada and northern and north-western Europe, in the northern Pacific Ocean, and in waters surrounding Antarctica and New Zealand.

The Arctic skate is about 1 m long and is gray-brown with large dark spots. Its underside is white with dark patterns. It has thorns in line from back to near the end of its tail. It is oviparous; its eggs are capsules with hard horns on each corner. It eats all sorts of small animals at the bottom of the sea.

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Diet

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Feed on all kinds of bottom animals
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North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Kennedy, Mary [email]
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Kennedy, Mary [email]

Distribution

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Davis Strait between southwestern Greenland and Canada
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North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Kennedy, Mary [email]
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Kennedy, Mary [email]

Habitat

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Found on the lower continental slope at depths of 300 - 2500m.
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North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Kennedy, Mary [email]
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Kennedy, Mary [email]

Habitat

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benthic
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bibliographic citation
North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
contributor
Kennedy, Mary [email]
contributor
Kennedy, Mary [email]